The Puritan Study (Part 11) Concluding Thoughts, part 2

Part 11: Concluding Thoughts, part 2

Finally, the conclusion of the Puritan Study comes today. I wish I could continue on in this study but I must move on. Thank you for all the very kind emails and helpful suggestions throughout this series. Seeing others come to a deeper appreciation of the Puritan literature has been an incredible encouragement to me.

Here is a collection of final thoughts …

Expositional Puritans

I think it’s worth noting again that in this series of blog posts I have emphasized the most important Puritan resources for expositional research. Other Puritans are useful on a number of issues.

I like Baxter, Burgess, Watson and other Puritans. But these and other Puritans simply have not helped me when I’m under pressure to preach and write expositionally on a certain text. Spurgeon, Bunyan, Owen, Boston, Manton and the men I have promoted, however, have proven faithful in these situations.

If you are more interested in systematic theology, or apologetics, or church history, you will find other Puritans to be of great help. Here, we were concerned with the most effective Puritans for expositional sermon preparation and ranked these authors in order of availability and usefulness.

Dutch ‘Puritans’

I was hoping to use this series to begin introducing you to the Dutch ‘Puritans’ (they are not really called ‘Puritans,’ but ‘the Dutch Second Reformation Divines’). These authors ministered during the same period of time as the English Puritans we know well, but their works were originally published in Dutch. Thanks to the recent work of the Dutch Reformed Translation Society, these works are now being made available in updated English. After some time reading these Dutch works, it’s clear these authors were as mature and experiential as their English counterparts.

Among others, the Dutch ‘Puritans’ include Wilhelmus à Brakel, Willem Teellinck and Herman Witsius (whose works have been in English for a few years now). Teellinck’s book on living a holy life (The Path of True Godliness) is very valuable and will be the subject of an upcoming book review.

These Dutch authors are very powerful and, although many of them will not be indexed and easily accessed, an introduction to their works was warranted at the end of this Puritan study. More information this winter …

Tough and Tender

John Piper once said, “one of my great desires is to see Christian pastors be as strong and durable as redwood trees, and as tender and fragrant as a field of clover.” This ideal finds its origin in the words and works of Jesus Himself. He knew when to be tough and when to be tender. He was strong and resolute but loving, kind, and compassionate, too. Many Puritans remind me of men who were uncompromising and stable in their convictions. They were a forest of redwood trees. But these preachers often displayed a compassionate tenderness like a fragrant field of clovers, too. An excellent pattern for preachers today.

The Presence of God

Many things draw me to the Puritans, but one of the most important is their pursuit of God. They see the Psalms as a blueprint for the Christian life – striving and praying for the presence of God to draw near (see Pss. 16, 42, 73). You can spot authors who read much of the Puritans because they, too, have a healthy and well-developed desire to pursue the presence of God (see A.W. Tozer, Martyn Lloyd-Jones, John Piper, etc.).

Personal change

I did not realize what was happening, but for several years as I have used the Puritan literature, I thought I was just borrowing a few quotes and thoughts along the way. Now it is obvious that over those years I was being changed.

What I love most about the Puritans is how they have been used in changing me. I treat the Word with more sobriety and seriousness now. My application of the text is much more mature. I am more articulate in pointing my hearer’s affections towards the things God sees as precious (like His Son, His holiness, His justice, love and grace).

Specifically, three areas of my life have been changed due to my Puritan Study …

(i) In catching the Puritan hermeneutic. The Puritans interpret every passage in light of the big picture of God’s glory in the Cross of Christ. Everything comes back to this. As expositors we are apt to get wrapped up in our four verses and lazily forget this big picture. The Puritans, especially in their application, make it clear that every text must be brought back to this big picture. Sadly, very few expositors today do this consistently (Piper and a few others, however, excel here). I pray that we would all catch this Puritan hermeneutic. Spurgeon reminded preachers that every sermon must find a way back to the Cross. This was the Apostle Paul’s point exactly (Gal. 6:14, 1 Cor. 1:22-25; 2:2; Phil. 3:8).

(ii) In catching the Puritan experiential style.
When publishers want a good definition of ‘experiential preaching’ they turn to Puritan scholars. In the book, Feed My Sheep: A Passionate Plea for Preaching (Soli Deo Gloria, 1573581445), Dr. Joel Beeke writes: “Experiential or experimental preaching addresses the vital matter of how a Christian experiences the truth of Christian doctrine in his life … Experimental preaching seeks to explain in terms of biblical truth how matters ought to go, how they do go, and what is the goal of the Christian life … Experimental preaching is discriminatory preaching. It clearly defines the difference between a Christian and a non-Christian, opening the kingdom of heaven to one and shutting it against the other” (pp. 95-96). The Puritans understood that a sermon lacking powerful application is an incomplete sermon. The Puritans are unparalleled here.

(iii) In catching the Puritan earnestness. The Christian life is a struggle of balance. The same is true in the pulpit. It is easy to focus on strengthening marriages, helping others raise children, and overall improvements in godliness while lacking earnestness. We can get the idea that the purpose of the pulpit is only for long-term sanctified changes. We need the Puritan earnestness to remind those who have never experienced the grace of God in their own hearts (the ‘almost Christian’ sitting in the pew), that they teeter on the brink of God’s judgment. There may not be a tomorrow. Each of us will be in heaven or hell very shortly. Nothing guarantees the sinner one more day to repent. Now is the time. Today is the day of salvation. Plead with sinners. The Puritans balanced these two sides of preaching and teach us to use the same sermon to both strengthen Christian marriages (long term) and to plead with sinners earnestly (now).

Conclusion

In the end, the ultimate benefit of a (well-used) Puritan library is how it changes you. Because of the Puritans, I view the bible differently, more seriously. They have taught me deep thoughts so I am not easily distracted with the empty and hollow ‘Christian’ thoughts today. They have taught me to treasure Christ. They have pointed out the sin in my heart. They have encouraged me in the task of preaching. And they have been faithful friends pointing me back to the scriptures when I begin to wander around. ‘Be serious because God’s thoughts are weighty,’ is the Puritan message I hear every time I use their works.

So keep at it. Work hard. Study diligently. Learn new terms. Don’t be intimidated by 200-word sentences. Grasp the concepts. Learn from the Puritan big-picture. And one day you will realize that God’s Spirit has taken the Puritan Study from your shelves and into your heart and changed you forever. All for His eternal glory.

Soli Deo Gloria!

7 thoughts on “The Puritan Study (Part 11) Concluding Thoughts, part 2

  1. Thank you so much for this study. In my pouring over a couple hundred blogs and posts daily, this series has by far been the one I have most enjoyed over the past few weeks.

    I’m personally love my time studying the Puritans, but would love it if you might briefly comment on the time you spend studying, and the amount of reading you do in the Puritans each day or week. Personally, this varies greatly for me as sometimes it may take hours to pour over one sentence of Owen, whereas I pleasurely read through pages of Bunyan in the same amount of time.

  2. Kyle,

    Your kind and encouraging words are very much appreciated! Thank you.

    I’m not certain how much time I get to spend in the Puritans but it’s not very much with full-time work, a wonderful wife, two small children and lots of family events. The Puritan Study (thanks especially to the excellent indexes) really highlights a library that is easy to navigate in a relatively short amount of time.

    Of the 14 authors, Owen is by far the most difficult to read. He is also one of the most rewarding. He is very well organized in his thoughts but often the flow of his work is not obviously stated. Even the little summaries of his chapters in the Banner of Truth volumes can be misleading sometimes. With him (and some of Edwards books) I read them fairly quickly just to get the overall flow. I really believe the best way to read is from the big-picture down to the details. I am well-acquainted with the general flow of Owen’s works and can find my way around when I need to get at the details. If I knew all the details first I may be totally lost in trying to find them again or in understanding the big-picture. I would recommend this skim-reading to get a general handle of the content of the work and especially take note when Owen shifts into new directions. Ask yourself basic critical thinking questions like: What is Owen’s purpose in writing this? Why does this argument come after the last argument? What does he assume? How is he trying to persuade me? You may also find it helpful to chart out the general progress of a work on paper or in the front cover of the book.

    Again I think the best use of the Puritans is not so much having a massive quote library to organize all the best quotes, nor in understanding every word of a book (upon first read), but rather coming to grips with the general flow of content and argument.

    But yes, you are correct that some writings flow well and some are very slow and tedious. Just remember in the Puritan mind every word is important and so try to understand the meaning of each word and phrase. Then, for example, you will understand why Bunyan ‘pitched his compass’ the way he did [a Bunyan-ism for ‘the direction he pointed’].

    Thanks again,

    Tony

  3. dear Mr Reinke ,
    How wonderful , instructive , very good made your website is!!!! will you pray for me that the material contained in this site may be mine wholeheartly , in the practice ? you will never know in two minutes who I am but in five words : I am a great sinner .Do you will pray for us , for Rebecca ,my wife and our four children : David , Philea , Douglas and Lyssia . Pray for our very poor churchstate in France ; thank you so much in Christ Jesus , your affectionate patrick jaeg

  4. From one sinner to another, I say thank you for those kind words. Please pray for the church in the United States as well. Ours is a country sadly ignorant of even some of the most basic of bible truths. Attendance in churches that preach the gospel is sadly a very tiny fraction of the population. May God breathe new life into the sinners of our countries!

    Praying for you,

    Tony

  5. Dear brother, thank you for all these series.

    I’m Mexican and live in Mexico. There’s almost none of the puritans in Spanish, so I have to read all my puritan books in my computer. I have no other option.

    I just wanted to ask you for advice:

    Here’s no print books of the Puritans, any good advise when reading a lot of time Owen’s or Edward’s works in a computer screen all the time?

    I don’t have problems reading English, but if I want to translate some works of Edwards or Owen (Spurgeon is already translated in internet thanks God), how do I start? How can I get a traslation in a print version?

    I hope that Latin Americans continue to grow in their knowledge and love in the Lord through the Word of God and the works of his faithful servants of the past.

    Greetings in Christ

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